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Portal:Coronavirus disease 2019

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Coronavirus disease 2019 portal

Video summary (script)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei, China, and has resulted in an ongoing pandemic. As of 1 October 2020, more than 33.8 million cases have been reported across 188 countries and territories with more than 1.01 million deaths; more than 23.5 million people have recovered.


There are no proven vaccines or specific treatments for COVID-19 yet, though several are in development. Management involves the treatment of symptoms, supportive care, isolation, and experimental measures. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020 and a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Local transmission of the disease has occurred in most countries across all six WHO regions. Read more...
20200403 Flatten the curve animated GIF.gif

About the virus

Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.jpg

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the strain of coronavirus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the respiratory illness responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. Colloquially known as simply the coronavirus, it was previously referred to by its provisional name, 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), and has also been called human coronavirus 2019 (HCoV-19 or hCoV-19). The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020, and a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Read more...

About the spread and symptoms

Symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 4.0.svg
The disease spreads between people most often when they are physically close. It spreads very easily and sustainably through the air, primarily via small droplets or particles such as aerosols, produced after an infected person breathes, coughs, sneezes, talks or sings. It may also be transmitted via contaminated surfaces, although this has not been conclusively demonstrated. It can spread for up to two days prior to symptom onset and from people who are asymptomatic. People remain infectious for 7–12 days in moderate cases and up to two weeks in severe cases.

Common symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath or breathing difficulties, and loss of smell. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The incubation period is typically around five days but may range from one to 14 days. There are several vaccine candidates in development, although none have completed clinical trials to prove their safety and efficacy. There is no known specific antiviral medication, so primary treatment is currently symptomatic. Read more...

Disease progress

Location Cases Deaths Recov. Ref.
World 33,832,124 1,011,282 23,507,536
United States 7,327,224 210,217 3,922,195
India 6,225,763 97,497 5,187,825
Brazil 4,813,586 143,952 4,180,376
Russia 1,176,286 20,722 958,257
Colombia 829,679 25,998 743,653
Peru 814,829 32,463 683,815
Spain 769,188 31,791 No data
Argentina 750,088 16,937 594,632
Mexico 738,163 77,163 530,945
South Africa 674,339 16,734 608,112
France 563,535 31,956 96,797
Chile 462,991 12,741 436,589
Iran 457,219 26,169 380,956
United Kingdom 453,264 42,143 No data
Bangladesh 363,479 5,251 275,487
Iraq 362,981 9,181 292,197
Saudi Arabia 334,605 4,768 319,154
Turkey 318,663 8,195 279,749
Italy 314,861 35,894 227,704
Pakistan 312,263 6,479 296,881
Philippines 311,694 5,504 253,488
Germany 292,911 9,571 256,010
Indonesia 287,008 10,740 214,947 [53]
Israel 245,494 1,569 174,506
Ukraine 208,959 4,129 92,360
Canada 158,479 9,296 134,722
Ecuador 137,047 11,355 112,296
Bolivia 134,641 7,931 94,895
Romania 127,572 4,825 102,476
Qatar 125,760 214 122,699
Morocco 123,653 2,194 102,715
Netherlands 120,845 6,406 No data
Belgium 117,115 10,001 No data
Panama 112,595 2,372 89,061
Dominican Republic 112,209 2,105 87,629
Kazakhstan 107,908 1,725 102,874
Kuwait 105,182 610 96,688
Egypt 103,198 5,930 96,494
Oman 98,585 935 88,528
United Arab Emirates 94,190 419 83,724
Sweden 92,863 5,893 No data
Poland 91,514 2,513 69,695
Guatemala 91,746 3,246 80,256
China 85,414 4,634 80,594
Japan 83,010 1,564 76,025
Belarus 78,631 833 74,525
Nepal 77,817 498 56,428
Honduras 76,098 2,323 27,383
Costa Rica 75,760 904 37,841
Portugal 75,542 1,971 48,530
Ethiopia 75,368 1,198 31,204
Venezuela 74,363 621 64,200
Bahrain 70,864 251 64,838
Czech Republic 68,919 655 33,443
Nigeria 58,848 1,112 50,358
Singapore 57,765 27 57,488
Uzbekistan 56,717 470 53,366
Switzerland 53,282 1,783 45,300
Moldova 53,042 1,320 38,997
Algeria 51,530 1,736 36,174
Armenia 50,359 959 44,001
Kyrgyzstan 46,669 1,064 42,879
Ghana 46,626 301 45,757
Austria 44,813 799 35,644
Azerbaijan 40,229 591 37,954
Paraguay 40,101 841 23,748
Palestine 39,899 3011 31,743
Lebanon 39,634 367 17,565
Afghanistan 39,268 1,458 32,789
Kenya 38,529 711 24,7908
Ireland 36,155 1,804 24,000
Libya 34,525 551 19,361
Serbia 33,551 749 No data
El Salvador 29,077 843 23,813
Denmark 27,998 650 20,754
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27,469 856 20,616
Australia 27,078 886 24,754
Hungary 26,461 765 5,890
South Korea 23,812 413 21,590
Puerto Rico 23,801 654 No data
Bulgaria 20,833 825 14,634
Cameroon 20,735 418 19,440
Ivory Coast 19,724 120 19,291
Greece 18,475 391 9,989
Tunisia 18,413 265 5,032
North Macedonia 17,977 739 14,959
Croatia 16,593 280 15,057
Madagascar 16,408 230 15,301
Kosovo 15,620 625 13,554
Senegal 14,982 311 12,437
Zambia 14,759 332 13,959
Norway 14,027 274 11,190
Albania 13,649 387 7,847
Sudan 13,640 836 6,764
Myanmar 13,373 310 3,755
Jordan 11,825 61 4,626
Namibia 11,265 121 9,014
Malaysia 11,224 136 9,967
Montenegro 10,772 169 7,192
DR Congo 10,659 272 10,139
Guinea 10,652 66 9,996
Maldives 10,291 34 9,108
Slovakia 10,141 48 4,395
Finland 9,992 344 8,100
Tajikistan 9,769 76 8,3572
Gabon 8,766 54 8,005
Haiti 8,766 229 6,5829
Mozambique 8,728 61 5,232
Luxembourg 8,509 124 7,174
Uganda 8,129 75 4,260
Zimbabwe 7,838 228 6,303
Mauritania 7,502 161 7,120
Jamaica 6,482 107 1,867
Georgia 6,192 39 3,120
Cape Verde 6,024 60 5,277
Malawi 5,773 179 4,263
Slovenia 5,690 150 No data
Cuba 5,597 122 4,893
Eswatini 5,482 109 4,912
Djibouti 5,416 61 5,344
Nicaragua 5,170 151 2,913
Congo 5,089 89 3,887
Hong Kong 5,088 105 4,827
Equatorial Guinea 5,030 83 4,769
Angola 4,972 183 1,941
Suriname 4,877 104 4,695
Rwanda 4,840 29 3,154
Central African Republic 4,829 62 1,914
Lithuania 4,693 92 2,365
Trinidad and Tobago 4,531 76 2,560
Syria 4,200 200 1,103
Bahamas 4,022 95 2,141
Aruba 3,963 27 3,259
Somalia 3,588 99 2,946
The Gambia 3,579 112 2,161
Thailand 3,564 59 3,374
Donetsk PR 3,482 195 2,096
Sri Lanka 3,380 13 3,230
Estonia 3,371 64 2,605
Mali 3,118 131 2,453
Malta 3,058 35 2,562
Guyana 2,894 80 1,680
Iceland 2,728 10 2,161
South Sudan 2,704 49 1,290
Guam 2,488 49 1,822
Benin 2,357 41 1,973
Guinea-Bissau 2,324 39 1,549
Sierra Leone 2,231 72 1,687
Burkina Faso 2,056 58 1,336
Andorra 2,050 53 1,432
Uruguay 2,046 48 1,791
Yemen 2,034 587 1,286
Botswana 1,968 16 710
Belize 1,943 26 1,225
Latvia 1,824 37 1,307
Togo 1,784 48 1,348
Cyprus 1,755 22 1,369
French Polynesia 1,728 7 1,2431
Lesotho 1,595 36 873
New Zealand 1,492 25 1,414
Liberia 1,343 82 1,221
U.S. Virgin Islands 1,318 20 1,254
Chad 1,200 85 1,007
Niger 1,196 69 1,1010
Abkhazia 1,177 8 285
USS Theodore Roosevelt 1,102 1 751
Vietnam 1,094 35 1,010
Charles de Gaulle 1,081 0 0
Somaliland 974 32 805
Luhansk PR 955 35 770
São Tomé and Príncipe 911 15 886
Northern Cyprus 757 4 647
San Marino 732 42 680
Diamond Princess 712 14 653
Turks and Caicos Islands 686 5 643
Sint Maarten 659 22 557
Papua New Guinea 534 7 516
Taiwan 514 7 483
Burundi 508 1 472
Comoros 479 7 464
Faroe Islands 467 0 429
Jersey 414 32 375
Artsakh 404 2 337
Gibraltar 396 0 344
Curaçao 392 1 171
Mauritius 381 10 344
Eritrea 375 0 341
Isle of Man 340 24 314
Mongolia 313 0 305
Bhutan 281 0 219
Cambodia 277 0 274
Guernsey 256 13 242
Monaco 218 2 181
Cayman Islands 211 1 208
Barbados 190 7 179
Bermuda 181 9 167
Costa Atlantica 148 0 148
Brunei 146 3 142
Seychelles 143 0 140
Greg Mortimer 128 1 No data
Liechtenstein 118 1 113
Antigua and Barbuda 101 3 92
South Ossetia 90 0 90
Bonaire 72 1 15
British Virgin Islands 71 1 66
Saint Vincent 64 0 64
Northern Mariana Islands 61 2 19
Macau 46 0 46
Fiji 32 2 28
Dominica 30 0 24
Sahrawi Arab DR 28 2 26
East Timor 27 0 27
Saint Lucia 27 0 27
New Caledonia 26 0 26
Grenada 24 0 24
Laos 23 0 22
Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 0 17
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 16 0 5
Greenland 14 0 14
Falkland Islands 13 0 13
Montserrat 13 1 12
MS Zaandam 13 4 No data
Sint Eustatius 13 0 4
Coral Princess 12 3 No data
Vatican City 12 0 12
HNLMS Dolfijn 8 0 8
Saba 5 0 5
Anguilla 3 0 3
Tanzania No data No data No data
As of 29 September 2020 (UTC) · History of cases · History of deaths
Notes
  1. Known as "close contact" which is variously defined, including within ~1.8 metres (six feet) by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and being face to face for at least 15 minutes, or sharing an enclosed space for a prolonged period such as 2 hours, by the Australian Health Department.
  2. Location: Countries, territories, and international conveyances where cases were diagnosed. The nationality of the infected and the origin of infection may vary. For some countries, cases are split into respective territories and noted accordingly.
  3. Cases: This number shows the cumulative number of confirmed human cases reported to date. The actual number of infections and cases is likely to be higher than reported. Reporting criteria and testing capacity vary between locations.
  4. Deaths: Reporting criteria vary between locations.
  5. Recoveries: May not correspond to actual current figures and not all recoveries may be reported. Reporting criteria vary between locations and some countries do not report recoveries.
  6. The worldwide totals for cases, deaths and recoveries are taken from the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center. They are not sums of the figures for the listed countries and territories.
  7. United States
    1. Figures include cases identified on the Grand Princess.
    2. Figures do not include the unincorporated territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Marian Islands, and U.S Virgin Islands, all of which are listed separately.
    3. Not all states or overseas territories report recovery data.
    4. Cases include clinically diagnosed cases as per CDC guidelines.
    5. Recoveries and deaths include probable deaths and people released from quarantine as per CDC guidelines.
    6. Figures from the United States Department of Defense are only released on a branch-by branch basis since April 2020, without distinction between domestic and foreign deployment, and cases may be reported to local health authorities.
    7. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separate from national figures but included in the Navy's totals.
    8. There is also one case reported from Guantanamo Bay Naval Base not included in any other nation or territory's counts. Since April 2020, the United States Department of Defense has directed all bases, including Guantanamo Bay, to not publish case statistics.
  8. Brazil
    1. Since 6 June, the Brazilian government has ordered the Ministry of Health to stop reporting the total number of deaths and active cases. After this, the National Council of Health Secretaries assumed the function of reporting the total number of deaths and active cases.
  9. Russia
    1. Including cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol.
    2. Excluding cases from the Diamond Princess cruise ship, which are classified as "on an international conveyance".
  10. Spain
    1. The figure for cases excludes serology–confirmed cases.
    2. As of 19 May 2020, the Spanish government does not publish the number of recoveries. The last update on 18 May reported 150,376 recovered patients.
  11. Argentina
    1. Excluding confirmed cases on the claimed territory of the Falkland Islands. Since 11 April, the Argentine Ministry of Health includes them in their official reports.
  12. France
    1. Including overseas regions of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion, and collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
    2. Excluding collectivities of New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
    3. Recoveries only include hospitalized cases.
    4. Figures for total confirmed cases and total deaths include data from both hospital and nursing home (ESMS: établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux).
  13. Chile
    1. Including the special territory of Easter Island.
    2. The Chilean Ministry of Health considered all cases as "recovered" after 14 days since the initial symptoms of the virus, no matter the health situation of the infected or if following tests indicate the continuing presence of the virus. The only exception were casualties, which are not included as recovered.
    3. Deaths only include cases with positive PCR tests and catalogued as "COVID-19 related death" by the Civil Registry and Identification Service. This number is informed on the daily reports of the Ministry of Health. A report with the total number of deaths, including suspected cases without PCR test, is released weekly since 20 June 2020. In the latest report (28 September 2020), the number of total deaths is 17,210.
  14. United Kingdom
    1. Excluding all British Overseas Territories and Crown dependencies.
    2. As of 23 March 2020, the UK government does not publish the number of recoveries. The last update on 22 March reported 135 recovered patients.
  15. Germany
    1. Not all state authorities count recoveries.
    2. Recoveries include estimations by the Robert Koch Institute.
  16. Israel
    1. Including cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
    2. Excluding cases from the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
  17. Ukraine
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol. Cases in these territories are included in the Russian total.
    2. Excluding cases from the unrecognized Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.
  18. Canada
    1. On 17 July 2020, Quebec, Canada, revised its criteria on recoveries. The Institut national de santé publique claims that "the previous method resulted in 'significant underestimations' of recovered cases." This change resulted in a drop of active cases nationwide, from a total of 27,603 on 16 July to 4,058 on 17 July.
  19. Morocco
    1. Including cases in the disputed Western Sahara territory controlled by Morocco.
    2. Excluding the de facto state of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
  20. Netherlands
    1. The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of a) the Netherlands* [the country as opposed to the kingdom; listed here], which in turn includes the Caribbean Netherlands, that are made up of the special municipalities Bonaire*, Saba* and Sint Eustatius*; b) Aruba*; c) Curaçao*; and d) Sint Maarten*. All regions marked with an asterisk are listed separately.
    2. The Dutch Government agency RIVM, responsible for the constituent country the Netherlands, does not count its number of recoveries.
  21. Belgium
    1. The number of deaths also includes untested cases and cases in retirement homes that presumably died because of COVID-19, whilst most countries only include deaths of tested cases in hospitals.
  22. Egypt
    1. Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
  23. China
    1. Excluding 363 asymptomatic cases under medical observation as of 30 September 2020.
    2. Asymptomatic cases were not reported before 31 March 2020.
    3. Excluding Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
    4. Does not include Taiwan.
  24. ^ Diamond Princess and Japan
    1. The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and the Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is included in neither the Japanese nor British official counts. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
  25. Switzerland
    1. Recoveries are estimates by the Tribune de Genève.
  26. Moldova
    1. Including the disputed territory of Transnistria.
  27. Azerbaijan
    1. Excluding the self-declared state of Artsakh.
  28. Serbia
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed territory of Kosovo.
  29. Denmark
    1. The autonomous territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland are listed separately.
  30. Australia
    1. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". Ten cases, including one fatality recorded by the Australian government.
  31. Norway
    1. Estimation of the number of infected:
      • As of 23 March 2020, according to figures from just over 40 per cent of all GPs in Norway, 20,200 patients have been registered with the "corona code" R991. The figure includes both cases where the patient has been diagnosed with coronavirus infection through testing, and where the GP has used the "corona code" after assessing the patient's symptoms against the criteria by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
      • As of 24 March 2020, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health estimates that between 7,120 and 23,140 Norwegians are infected with the coronavirus.
  32. DR Congo
  33. Finland
    1. Including the autonomous region of the Åland Islands.
    2. The number of recoveries is an estimate based on reported cases which were reported at least two weeks ago and there is no other monitoring data on the course of the disease. The exact number of recoveries is not known, as only a small proportion of patients have been hospitalized.
  34. Georgia
    1. Excluding the de facto states of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  35. Cuba
    1. Includes cases on the MS Braemar.
    2. Excluding cases from Guantanamo Bay, which is governed by the United States.
  36. Congo
    1. Also known as the Republic of the Congo and not to be confused with the DR Congo.
  37. Syria
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
  38. Bahamas
    1. Some of these deaths may still be under investigation as stated in the Ministry's press release.
  39. Somalia
    1. Excluding the de facto state of Somaliland.
  40. ^ Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic
    1. Note that these territories are distinct from the Ukraine-administered regions of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.
  41. ^ Guam and USS Theodore Roosevelt
    1. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separately.
  42. ^ Greg Mortimer and Uruguay
    1. Although currently anchored off the coast of Uruguay, cases for the Greg Mortimer are currently reported separately. Six have been transferred inland for hospitalization.
  43. Botswana
    1. 1,204 people who tested positive have been voluntarily repatriated to their respective countries and are not part of the confirmed case count as a result the Government of Botswana does not include the transferred-out cases.
  44. Cyprus
  45. Abkhazia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  46. Charles de Gaulle
    1. Including cases on the escort frigate Chevalier Paul.
    2. Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, reported to the National Assembly's  [fr] that 2010 sailors of the carrier battle group led by Charles de Gaulle had been tested, with 1081 tests returning positive so far. Many of these cases were aboard Charles de Gaulle, some of the cases were reportedly aboard French frigate Chevalier Paul, and it is unclear if any other ships in the battle group had cases on board.
  47. Somaliland
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Somalia.
  48. Northern Cyprus
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Cyprus.
  49. Taiwan
    1. Including cases from the ROCS Pan Shi.
  50. Artsakh
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Azerbaijan.
  51. Isle of Man
    1. Recoveries are presumed. Defined as "An individual testing positive for coronavirus who completes the 14 day self-isolation period from the onset of symptoms who is at home on day 15, or an individual who is discharged from hospital following more severe symptoms."
  52. South Ossetia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  53. Saint Vincent
    1. The sovereign state of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  54. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Morocco.
  55. MS Zaandam
    1. Including cases from MS Rotterdam.
    2. The MS Rotterdam rendezvoused with the Zaandam on 26 March off the coast of Panama City to provide support and evacuate healthy passengers. Both have since docked in Florida.
    3. MS Zaandam and Rotterdam's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  56. Coral Princess
    1. The cruise ship Coral Princess has tested positive cases since early April 2020 and has since docked in Miami.
    2. Coral Princess's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  57. HNLMS Dolfijn
    1. All 8 cases currently associated with Dolfijn were reported while the submarine was at sea in the waters between Scotland and the Netherlands.
    2. It is unclear whether the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) is including these cases in their total count, but neither their daily update details nor their daily epidemiological situation reports appear to have mentioned the ship, with a breakdown of cases listing the twelve provinces of the country of the Netherlands (as opposed to the kingdom) accounting for all the cases in the total count.
  58. Tanzania
    1. Figures for Tanzania are "No data" as the country stopped publishing figures on coronavirus cases on 29 April. Figures as of that date were 509 cases, 21 deaths, and 183 recoveries.

Read more...

National responses

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, national responses have been varied, and have included containment measures such as lockdowns, quarantines, and curfews. As of 1 October 2020, more than 33.8 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 1.01 million deaths. More than 23.5 million people have recovered from the virus. The most affected countries in terms of confirmed cases are the United States, Brazil, India, Russia, South Africa, Peru, Mexico, Chile, the United Kingdom, and Iran. Read more...

Videos

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Recent news

28 September 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
India surpasses six million cases of COVID-19, becoming the second country after the United States to reach that milestone. Meanwhile, 82.5% or more than five million people have recovered.(AP)
22 September 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
The death toll from COVID-19 in the United States exceeds 200,000. (BBC)
13 September 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
Ninety United Nations peacekeeping forces of UNIFIL test positive for COVID-19. A spokesman for UNIFIL says the personnel were transferred to a special facility with equipment to treat the disease. (AFP via Al Arabiya)
12 September 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
India's total COVID-19 cases surged to 4,65 million after the country reports world's record daily jump of 97,570 new cases and 1,201 deaths in the last 24 hours. (Hindustan Times)
10 September 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
Kiribati announces it will keep its borders closed until the end of the year to keep the country free of COVID-19. The presidential office announces some exceptions, including repatriation flights, with 20 I-Kiribati arriving soon from the Marshall Islands. (RNZ)
8 September 2020 – Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on religion, Eastern Orthodoxy in Ukraine
Patriarch Filaret, former honorary Patriarch of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine, founder and current Patriarch of once again the second non-canonical Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kiev Patriarchate, was confirmed to be a positive case of COVID-19. He becomes the first independent and non-canonical autocephalous leader or patriarch in the Eastern Orthodox faith to contract the disease. Months earlier, he had stated that the pandemic was God's punishment for same-sex marriage, which is currently not legally-recognized in Ukraine. Activists say homophobia is still widespread in the national culture. (Metro) (NBC news)

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Images

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Economic impact

Movement of the DJIA between January 2017 and March 2020, showing the all-time high on 12 February, and the subsequent crash.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had far-reaching consequences beyond the spread of the disease itself and efforts to quarantine it. As the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread around the globe, concerns have shifted from supply-side manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector. The pandemic caused the largest global recession in history, with more than a third of the global population at the time being placed on lockdown.

Global stock markets fell on 24 February 2020 due to a significant rise in the number of COVID-19 cases outside mainland China. By 28 February 2020, stock markets worldwide saw their largest single-week declines since the 2008 financial crisis. Global stock markets crashed in March 2020, with falls of several percent in the world's major indices. Read more...

Workplace

Hazard controls for COVID-19 in workplaces are the application of occupational safety and health methodologies for hazard controls to the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The proper hazard controls in the workplace depend on the worksite and job task, based on an occupational risk assessment of sources of exposure, disease severity in the community, and risk factors of individual workers who may be vulnerable to contracting COVID-19. Read more...

Misinformation

The pandemic has resulted in misinformation and conspiracy theories about the scale of the pandemic and the origin, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. False information, including intentional disinformation, has been spread through social media, text messaging, and mass media, including the tabloid media, conservative media, and state media of countries such as China, Russia, Iran, and Turkmenistan. It has also been reportedly spread by covert operations backed by states such as Saudi Arabia, Russia and China to generate panic and sow distrust in other countries. In some countries, such as India, Bangladesh, and Ethiopia, journalists have been arrested for allegedly spreading fake news about the pandemic. Read more...

Testing

COVID-19 testing involves analyzing samples to assess the current or past presence of SARS-CoV-2. The two main branches detect either the presence of the virus or of antibodies produced in response to infection. Tests for viral presence are used to diagnose individual cases and to allow public health authorities to trace and contain outbreaks. Antibody tests instead show whether someone once had the disease. They are less useful for diagnosing current infections because antibodies may not develop for weeks after infection. It is used to assess disease prevalence, which aids the estimation of the infection fatality rate. Read more...

Vaccine research

A COVID‑19 vaccine is a biotechnology product intended to provide acquired immunity against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). As of September 2020, there were 321 vaccine candidates in development, a 2.5 fold increase since April. However, no candidate has completed clinical trials to prove its safety and efficacy. In mid-September, some 42 vaccine candidates were in clinical research: namely 33 in Phase I–II trials and 9 in Phase II–III trials. Read more...

Drug research

COVID‑19 drug development is the research process to develop preventative therapeutic prescription drugs that would alleviate the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). Internationally by August 2020, several hundred drug companies, biotechnology firms, university research groups, and health organizations were developing over 500 potential therapies for COVID‑19 disease in various stages of preclinical or clinical research. Read more...

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Get involved!

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Get involved by joining WikiProject COVID-19. We discuss collaborations and all manner of issues on our talk page. As of 1 October 2020, there are 1,329 articles within the project's scope. A full list is available here.

References

  1. ^ "COVID-19 Dashboard by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)". ArcGIS. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  2. "Quarantine for coronavirus (COVID-19)". Australian Government Department of Health. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  3. ^ "How COVID-19 Spreads". U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 18 September 2020. Archived from the original on 19 September 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
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