Madison Street (Seattle)
Madison Street is a major thoroughfare of Seattle, Washington. The street originates at Alaskan Way on the Seattle waterfront, and heads northeast through Downtown Seattle, First Hill, Capitol Hill, Madison Valley, Washington Park, and Madison Park, ending just east of 43rd Avenue East on Lake Washington. From Broadway to Lake Washington, the street is known as East Madison Street, which accounts for most of its length. It is the only Seattle street that runs uninterrupted from the salt water of Puget Sound in the west to the fresh water of Lake Washington in the east.
Many notable buildings are located along the street, including the Seattle Central Library and numerous hotels such as the Sorrento Hotel. For most of the run from Broadway to 12th Avenue, it forms the northern boundary of the Seattle University campus.
A cable car line provided public transportation along all or part of Madison Street from 1890 to 1940. It was constructed and operated by the Madison Street Cable Railway company. The original powerhouse, which powered the cables running under the streets, was located between 21st and 22nd Avenues, and the service was operated as two separate lines—west from the powerhouse to downtown and east from the powerhouse to Madison Park on Lake Washington and, together, the two lines served the entire length of Madison Street.
The western cable car line opened in spring 1890, and in downtown it terminated at a turntable on West Street (now Western Avenue), near the ferry terminal on Puget Sound. The line east from 21st to "Lake Washington and Madison Park" terminus opened in June 1891. In 1910, the line east from 21st was closed, replaced by electric streetcars. After the construction of a new powerhouse near 10th Avenue, the line from the downtown waterfront to 21st was cut back from the latter point to there in 1911, but the section between 10th and 14th was restored to operation in 1913. This left a 1.2-mile (1.9 km) line between the downtown waterfront and 14th Avenue, which could not be converted to streetcars because it included some sections with grades too steep for streetcars. It ran for the last time on April 13, 1940.
The Seattle trolleybus system has served Madison Street since 1940, primarily with routes 11-East Madison St. (converted to diesel buses in 1965) and 13-19th Avenue (renumbered 12 in 1984). Currently, King County Metro bus route 11 serves Madison Street east of 16th Avenue East, and trolleybus route 12 serves Madison Street between downtown (1st Avenue) and 19th Avenue East.
- Madison Corridor BRT Study Final Report (PDF) (Report). Seattle Department of Transportation. February 2016. pp. 2–3. Archived from the original on August 2, 2016. Retrieved August 2, 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Hilton, George W. (1997). The Cable Car in America (Revised ed.). Stanford University Press. pp. 390, 399–402. ISBN 0-8047-3051-2.
- Demoro, Harry W. (1971). Seattle Trolley Coaches. South Gate, California: Interurbans. pp. 21, 27. OCLC 6219478.
- "Route 11 [map]". King County Metro. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- "Route 12 [map]". King County Metro. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- Cassuto, Dav (February 4, 2015). "SDOT studying 'bus-only' lanes on Madison Street". KING-TV. Archived from the original on May 8, 2015. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
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