Asparagaceae

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Asparagaceae
Asperge in bloei Asparagus officinalis.jpg
Asparagus officinalis in flower
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Juss.
Genera

Synonyms
  • Asparageae

Asparagaceae is a family of flowering plants, placed in the order Asparagales of the monocots. Its best known member is Asparagus officinalis, garden asparagus.

Taxonomy[]

In earlier classification systems, the species involved were often treated as belonging to the family Liliaceae. The APG II system of 2003 allowed two options as to the circumscription of the family: either Asparagaceae sensu lato ("in the wider sense") combining seven previously recognized families, or Asparagaceae sensu stricto ("in the strict sense") consisting of very few genera (notably Asparagus, also Hemiphylacus), but nevertheless totalling a few hundred species. The revised APG III system of 2009 allows only the broader sense. A paper published at the same time proposed seven subfamilies to correspond to the originally separate families. These are:

Genera[]

Asparagaceae includes 114 genera with a total of ca 2900 known species. Unless otherwise noted, the alphabetical list below is based on genera accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as in the family Asparagaceae (with synonyms from the same source). The reference against the subfamily name is to the source which places the genus in that subfamily.

Asparagaceae genera
Subfamily Genus
Lomandroideae Acanthocarpus Lehm.
Agavoideae Agave L.
Scilloideae Albuca L. (sometimes included in Ornithogalum)
Scilloideae Alrawia (Wendelbo) Perss. & Wendelbo
Brodiaeoideae Androstephium Torr.
Agavoideae Anemarrhena Bunge
Agavoideae Anthericum L.
Aphyllanthoideae Aphyllanthes L.
Lomandroideae Arthropodium R.Br.
Asparagoideae Asparagus Tourn. ex L.
Nolinoideae Aspidistra Ker Gawl. (including Antherolophus Gagnep., Colania Gagnep.)
Scilloideae Barnardia Lindl.
Nolinoideae Beaucarnea Lem.
Agavoideae Behnia Didr.
Scilloideae Bellevalia Lapeyr. (including Strangweja Bertol.)
Agavoideae Beschorneria Kunth
Brodiaeoideae Bessera Schult.f. (including Behria)
Brodiaeoideae Bloomeria Kellogg
Scilloideae Bowiea Harv. ex Hook.f. (Climbing Onion, Sea Onion)
Scilloideae Brimeura Salisb.
Brodiaeoideae Brodiaea Sm.
Nolinoideae Calibanus Rose
Agavoideae Camassia Lindl.
Nolinoideae Campylandra Baker
Lomandroideae Chamaescilla F.Muell. ex Benth.
Lomandroideae Chamaexeros Benth.
Scilloideae Chionodoxa Boiss. (included in Scilla L. by some sources)
Agavoideae Chlorogalum (Lindl.) Kunth
Agavoideae Chlorophytum Ker Gawl.
Nolinoideae Comospermum Rauschert
Nolinoideae Convallaria L.
Lomandroideae Cordyline Comm. ex R.Br. (including Cohnia Kunth)
Nolinoideae Danae Medik.
Brodiaeoideae Dandya H.E.Moore
Nolinoideae Dasylirion Zucc.
Scilloideae Daubenya Lindl. (including Amphisiphon W.F.Barker, Androsiphon Schltr.)
Agavoideae Diamena Ravenna
Brodiaeoideae Dichelostemma Kunth (including Brevoortia, Dipterostemon, Stropholirion)
Lomandroideae Dichopogon Kunth (may be included in Arthropodium)
Agavoideae Diora Ravenna
Scilloideae Dipcadi Medik. (sometimes included in Ornithogalum)
Nolinoideae Disporopsis Hance
Nolinoideae Dracaena Vand. ex L.
Scilloideae Drimia Jacq. (including Litanthus Harv., Rhadamanthus Salisb., Rhodocodon Baker, Sypharissa Salisb., Tenicroa Raf., Thuranthos C.H.Wright, Urginea Steinh., Urgineopsis Compton)
Scilloideae Drimiopsis Lindl. & Paxton (sometimes included in Ledebouria)
Agavoideae Echeandia Ortega
Agavoideae Eremocrinum M.E.Jones
Nolinoideae Eriospermum Jacq.
Scilloideae Eucomis L'Hér.
Lomandroideae Eustrephus R.Br.
Agavoideae Furcraea Vent.
Scilloideae Galtonia Decne. (included in Ornithogalum L. by some sources)
Agavoideae Hagenbachia Nees & Mart.
Agavoideae Hastingsia S.Watson
Asparagoideae Hemiphylacus S.Watson
Agavoideae Herreria Ruiz & Pav.
Agavoideae Herreriopsis H.Perrier
Agavoideae Hesperaloe Engelm. in S.Watson
Agavoideae Hesperocallis A.Gray
Agavoideae Hesperoyucca (Engelm.) Trel. (included in Yucca by some sources)
Nolinoideae Heteropolygonatum M.N.Tamura & Ogisu
Agavoideae Hosta Tratt.
Scilloideae Hyacinthella Schur
Scilloideae Hyacinthoides Heist. ex Fabr. (including Endymion Dumort.)
Scilloideae Hyacinthus Tourn. ex L.
Scilloideae Lachenalia Jacq. ex Murray (including Brachyscypha Baker, Periboea Kunth, Polyxena Kunth)
Lomandroideae Laxmannia R.Br. (including Bartlingia F. Mueller)
Scilloideae Ledebouria Roth (including Resnova van der Merwe)
Scilloideae Leopoldia Parl.
Agavoideae Leucocrinum Nutt. ex A.Gray
Nolinoideae Liriope Lour.
Lomandroideae Lomandra Labill. (including Xerotes R. Brown)
Nolinoideae Maianthemum F.H.Wigg. (including Oligobotrya Baker, Smilacina Desf.)
Agavoideae Manfreda Salisb. (included in Agave by some sources)
Scilloideae Massonia Thunb. ex Houtt. (including Neobakeria Schltr., Whiteheadia Harv.)
Scilloideae Merwilla Speta
Brodiaeoideae Milla Cav. (including Diphalangium)
Brodiaeoideae Muilla S.Watson ex Benth.
Lomandroideae Murchisonia Brittan
Scilloideae Muscari Mill. (including Botryanthus Kunth, Muscarimia Kostel., Pseudomuscari Garbari & Greuter)
Nolinoideae Nolina Michx.
Nolinoideae Ophiopogon Ker Gawl.
Scilloideae Ornithogalum L. (including Battandiera Maire, Elsiea F.M.Leight., Neopatersonia Schonl.)
Scilloideae Oziroe Raf. (including Fortunatia J.F.Macbr.)
Agavoideae Paradisea Mazzuc.
Nolinoideae Peliosanthes Andrews
Brodiaeoideae Petronymphe H.E.Moore
Nolinoideae Pleomele Salisb. (often included in Dracaena)
Agavoideae Polianthes L. (included in Agave by some sources)
Nolinoideae Polygonatum Mill.
Agavoideae Prochnyanthes S.Watson
Scilloideae Prospero Salisb.
Scilloideae Pseudogaltonia (Kuntze) Engl. (sometimes included in Ornithogalum)
Scilloideae Pseudoprospero Speta
Scilloideae Puschkinia Adams
Nolinoideae Reineckea Kunth
Nolinoideae Rohdea Roth (including Gonioscypha Baker)
Lomandroideae Romnalda P.F.Stevens
Nolinoideae Ruscus L.
Nolinoideae Sansevieria Thunb.
Scilloideae Schizobasis Baker (sometimes included in Drimia)
Scilloideae Schizocarphus van der Merwe
Agavoideae Schoenolirion Durand
Scilloideae Scilla L.
Nolinoideae Semele Kunth
Lomandroideae Sowerbaea Sm.
Nolinoideae Speirantha Baker
Scilloideae Spetaea Wetschnig & Pfosser
Nolinoideae Theropogon Maxim.
Lomandroideae Thysanotus R.Br.
Lomandroideae Trichopetalum Lindl. (including Bottinaea Colla)
Brodiaeoideae Triteleia Douglas ex Lindl. (including Hesperoscordium, Themis)
Brodiaeoideae Triteleiopsis Hoover
Nolinoideae Tupistra Ker Gawl. (including Campylandra Baker, Tricalistra Ridl.)
Scilloideae Veltheimia Gled.
Lomandroideae Xerolirion A.S.George
Agavoideae Yucca L. (including Samuela)

References[]

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x
  2. Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  3. Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
  4. ^ WCSP (2011), World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, archived from the original on March 7, 2012, retrieved 2011-05-25
  5. ^ Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, archived from the original on 2011-06-03, retrieved 2011-05-29
  6. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  7. ^ "Query GRIN Taxonomy for Plants". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-05-30.

Bibliography[]

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